We’ve picked out some key terms you should know to help control blood sugar and manage your Type 2 diabetes.

Living with Type 2 diabetes is not just a journey; it's a transformative experience that demands a reevaluation of habits and the acquisition of new routines. Amidst this transition, it becomes crucial to decipher the intricate language of diabetes, a lexicon that can sometimes be daunting. At Diabetic Warehouse, we steadfastly believe that knowledge is the linchpin for effective diabetes management. The more we comprehend about our condition, the more adeptly we can control our blood sugar levels.

This exhaustive guide endeavors to elucidate essential terms pertinent to the Type 2 diabetes landscape. While some may be familiar, others warrant a deeper understanding. Our objective is to provide not just definitions, but insights that empower, recognizing that an informed approach is the bedrock of successful blood sugar control.

Diabetic Glossary: A Deeper Dive

A1C (Glycated Hemoglobin)

The A1C blood test, conducted every 3 to 6 months, transcends the realm of daily finger pricks, offering a panoramic view of average blood sugar levels over the past 2-3 months. This comprehensive metric not only identifies prolonged periods of poor blood sugar control but also validates successful management. It is a key marker monitored by diabetes physicians to guide treatment.

Basal Insulin

Beyond being a medication, basal insulin is a strategic tool, a slow-acting force deployed at regular intervals each day. Administered through injections or insulin pumps, its purpose is to maintain steady blood sugar levels between meals and during periods of fasting.

Bolus Insulin

Consider bolus insulin the swift responder in the diabetes arsenal. It's the fast-acting insulin that swoops in during mealtimes or after a snack, balancing the surge in sugar levels. Its dosage is a carefully calibrated dance influenced by meal count, carbohydrate content, and the individual's physical activity.

Beta Cell

Produced by the pancreas, beta cells are the unsung heroes responsible for transforming blood glucose into the energy our bodies crave. A scarcity or malfunction of these cells leads to the accumulation of blood sugar, culminating in a diabetes diagnosis.

Cardiovascular Disease

A specter that looms larger for those with Type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease encompasses ailments afflicting the heart and blood vessels. Vigilant blood sugar control emerges as a potent shield against the heightened risk posed by diabetes.

Dawn Phenomenon

Picture waking up with elevated blood sugar levels, an enigma known as the dawn phenomenon. Transpiring between 4 am and 8 am, it's attributed to the nocturnal release of certain hormones that heighten insulin resistance. Strategies to combat this include adjusting bedtime carbohydrate intake and, crucially, consulting a physician before altering medication schedules.

Glycemic Index (GI)

Assigning a numerical value between 0 and 100, the glycemic index categorizes foods based on their impact on blood glucose. Armed with this knowledge, individuals can gauge how different foods influence their blood sugar levels. A score below 55 is considered low, 56-69 is medium, and 70 or above is high.


It's not just about elevated blood sugar levels; it's a state where the numbers exceed 125 mg/dL while fasting and 180 mg/dL 2 hours postprandial. Recognizing the subtler signs, such as frequent urination, increased thirst, blurry vision, and fatigue, is pivotal.


In contrast, hypoglycemia is the perilous plunge into low blood sugar territory, defined as levels below 70 mg/dL. Recognizable by hunger, agitation, shakiness, sweating, dizziness, and confusion, it demands prompt intervention through the consumption of hard candy, juice, or a glucose tablet.

Injection Site

For those wielding insulin pens or syringes, the injection site is not merely a point of administration; it's a strategic choice. Embracing the concept of "injection site rotation" has become a contemporary practice to sidestep undue irritation.

Insulin Resistance

This term encapsulates the cellular resistance to insulin, hindering the transformation of blood glucose into energy. As custodians of Type 2 diabetes, the goal is to diminish insulin resistance through lifestyle adjustments, including dietary modifications and weight management.


The fallout of prolonged high blood sugar manifests as neuropathy—nerve damage. While various types exist, peripheral neuropathy, affecting the feet and extremities, is the most prevalent in the realm of diabetes.


The elephant in the room, obesity, is not merely about carrying a few extra pounds. It's a condition characterized by a BMI of 30 or more, harboring a significant risk for Type 2 diabetes. Shedding excess weight emerges not just as a strategy for managing diabetes but also as a potent preventive measure.


Often flying under the radar, prediabetes signals elevated blood sugar levels that haven't quite hit the Type 2 diabetes threshold. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that 1 in 3 adults in the United States grapple with prediabetes. Early detection becomes a catalyst for lifestyle changes that can stave off, or at the very least, delay the onset of full-fledged diabetes.

Risk Factor

In the intricate tapestry of diabetes, risk factors are the variables that can tip the scales towards disease development. Age, family history, weight, diet, and race, among others, collectively shape an individual's vulnerability to diabetes.


Diabetes isn't a passive bystander in your life; it's a collaborator, necessitating active engagement. As a person with diabetes (PWD), you are the captain of your ship, steering it through the daily tests and challenges. While your healthcare team provides guidance and prescriptions, the responsibility lies with you to execute the plans and sustain the commitment to regular blood sugar testing and holistic diabetes management.

    In essence, this glossary is more than a list of terms; it's a compendium designed to empower individuals on their Type 2 diabetes journey. Armed with knowledge, you are not just managing a condition; you are orchestrating a symphony of well-being. Remember, your diabetes physician and care team are steadfast allies on this expedition—consult them for personalized guidance and insights. The empowerment to live your healthiest life begins with understanding the language of Type 2 diabetes.

    We hope you found this post informative and insightful. At Diabetic Warehouse, we’re committed to helping those with diabetes manage blood sugar with a complete selection of testing and treatment supplies at prices up to 65% less than those found at most pharmacies and suppliers.

    Diabetic Warehouse is a trusted supplier of diabetes care products and accessories. For more information and to explore a complete range of products, including glucose meters and test strips, insulin syringes, pen needles, continuous glucose monitoring systems, and more, visit